OWARDS ETHANOL AND SPIRIT
Ethanol, a by-product of the sugar industry, is a good oxygenate and, when used as a blend with motor spirit, substantially reduces vehicular emissions and the resultant pollution. With the increasing demand for this by-product, we are looking at ethanol production as one of the major thrust areas for future. Our 30 KL per day of industrial alcohol unit had commenced production in February 2005.
In the financial year 2015-2016, we generated revenue of Rs. 2335.05 lacs through this business. In the financial year 2015-2016, the Company had produced and sold Spirit and ethanol to get the maximum benefit from its distillery plant.
Ethanol is one of the additives in petrol. The mixing of ethanol with petrol has been made mandatory in almost all states of india. The government of India is keen to increase the mixing percentage from 5% to 10% and that too in all states of India. According to a report by HDFC Securities, ethanol is set to become a stable revenue stream for the sugar industry because the global trend of using greater percentage of ethanol in petroleum will catch up in India.
The molasses is diluted with water at desired Brix, nutrients and yeast culture is added, the yeast cells convert the available sugar in to Ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide gas the available ethyl alcohol is separated and concentrated by distillation plant.
The Ethyl alcohol having concentration 99.5% To 100% v/v called as Ethanol or Absolute alcohol or anhydrous alcohol or power alcohol.
The ethyl alcohol having concentration 93.0 To 95% v/v called as rectified spirit.
How alcohol is produced:
Molasses, one of the by-products in sugar industry is a dark, viscous by-product and has nearly 45-50% of fermentable sugar. In a distillery sugar from molasses is fermented, distilled to manufacture industrial alcohol. The industrial alcohol in turn can further be used for manufacture of IMFL and Country Liquor.
With certain add-on facilities the industrial alcohol can be further refined to produce absolute alcohol or gasohol, an eco-friendly substitute for fuel to be used in petrol driven vehicles. The use of gasohol as substitute for fuel offers exciting opportunity to conserve the scarce foreign exchange reserves of the country.